• Jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin)
    Injured liver cells are unable to process and excrete waste products.  When too much bilirubin, a normal waste product of red blood cells, accumulates in the body, a person’s skin turns yellowish-green color.
  • Severe itching
    The accumulation of bile salts may contribute to severe itching or pruritus.
  • Dark urine
  • Mental confusion or coma
    Ammonia and other toxic substances which build up in the body can cause a brain dysfunction called hepatic encephalopathy
  • Vomiting of blood
    Common signs of bleeding or ruptured varices include blood in a person’s bowel movements, weakness or fainting. 
  • Easy bruising and tendency to bleed
  • Gray or clay-colored stools
  • Ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen) Ascites is due to increased or blocked blood flow through the liver or to decreased albumin, a protein that maintains pressure within the blood vessels.  Edema, salt and water imbalance causes fluid to build up in the legs and arms.
  • Other complications include infection, kidney failure, anemia and change in hair growth.  
  • Poor nutrition, another complication, causes fatigue, weakness and apathy.



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