- Jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin)
Injured liver cells are unable to process and excrete waste products. When too much bilirubin, a normal waste product of red blood cells, accumulates in the body, a person’s skin turns yellowish-green color.
- Severe itching
The accumulation of bile salts may contribute to severe itching or pruritus.
- Dark urine
- Mental confusion or coma
Ammonia and other toxic substances which build up in the body can cause a brain dysfunction called hepatic encephalopathy
- Vomiting of blood
Common signs of bleeding or ruptured varices include blood in a person’s bowel movements, weakness or fainting.
- Easy bruising and tendency to bleed
- Gray or clay-colored stools
- Ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen) Ascites is due to increased or blocked blood flow through the liver or to decreased albumin, a protein that maintains pressure within the blood vessels. Edema, salt and water imbalance causes fluid to build up in the legs and arms.
- Other complications include infection, kidney failure, anemia and change in hair growth.
- Poor nutrition, another complication, causes fatigue, weakness and apathy.