PATIENT TESTIMONIALS

Prevention of Common Liver Diseases and Tips for Healthy Liver Care

Awareness, correct medical opinion and appropriate treatment can save your "LIVER"

Liver disease is one of the top 10 causes of death in the India. There are more than 100 types of liver diseases. Below are some of the most common liver diseases, and ways you can help prevent them and keep your liver healthy.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A can cause the liver to swell and not work well. In severe cases there is jaundice.

Prevention:

Hepatitis A vaccination is the best way to prevent Hepatitis A. This vaccine is usually recommended for children since Hepatitis A commonly affects children. Other ways to stop the spread of Hepatitis A are:

  • Always washing your hands with soap and water immediately after using the bathroom or changing a child’s diaper
  • Always washing your hands with soap and water before preparing or eating food
  • Making sure that drinking water is clean. Avoid drinking water from streams, ponds and wells
  • When travelling outside and you are not sure of the water quality, it may be wise to use to use good quality packaged mineral water. 
  • Make sure that food handlers in restaurants and eateries are hygienic in their food preparation practice

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is another virus that causes liver disease. Hepatitis E virus can affect all age groups. It is more serious than hepatitis A and can lead to liver failure and death in some patients. There is no vaccine for Hepatitis E.

Prevention:

Only way to prevent spread of Hepatitis E is to follow general hygiene measures (as mentioned above for hepatitis A) like hand washing, drinking clean water and following food hygiene in restaurants.
Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B can either present as an acute problem with jaundice or can be silent for years and slowly leads to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Prevention:

Hepatitis B vaccination is the best way to prevent Hepatitis B. Other ways to stop the spread of Hepatitis B are:

  • Practicing safe sex
  •  
  • Not sharing razors, toothbrushes, or other personal items
  • Not reusing needles for tattoos, ear and nose piercings
  • Making sure that blood is checked properly before transfusion
  • Making sure that your health care provider (doctor/dentist) are sterilizing their instruments properly and using disposable syringes and needles.
  • Checking for Hepatitis B infection in all pregnant ladies
Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a chronic liver disease that is usually silent in its early stages. Over years it can lead to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Prevention:

There is no vaccine to prevent Hepatitis C. The only way to prevent Hepatitis C is to avoid direct contact with infected blood. Other ways to stop the spread of Hepatitis C are:

  • Practicing safe sex
  • Not sharing razors, toothbrushes, or other personal items
  • Avoiding reuse of needles for tattoos, ear and nose piercings
  • Making sure blood is checked properly before transfusion
Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver disease is the accumulation of fat in the liver. It usually occurs in people who drink alcohol. It is also very common in people who are overweight, eat oily and junk food or in those with diabetes. It can cause the liver to get enlarged. It may not cause any symptoms and can be detected only of you a general blood test or ultrasound scan of liver. Over years it can lead to cirrhosis in some patients.

Prevention:

Ways to prevent fatty liver disease are:

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly
  • Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Maintaining a normal cholesterol level
Alcohol-Related Liver Disease

Alcohol-related liver disease is caused by drinking too much alcohol. It causes fat accumulation in the liver and causes the liver to swell. It can cause alcoholic hepatitis with jaundice that can be fatal. About 20 to 30 percent of heavy alcohol drinkers develop liver cirrhosis.

Prevention:
The best way to prevent alcohol-related liver disease is to drink limited alcohol. It is important to discuss with your doctor how much alcohol is safe for you. Patients who have had an alcohol related liver problem should not drink alcohol at all.
TIPS for Liver Care
  • Have a healthy lifestyle (healthy diet and regular exercise).
  • Avoid fatty foods, excess cheese and fried food. Reduce oil during cooking.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Limit the amount of alcohol You Drink. Talk to your doctor about how much alcohol is right for you
  • Do not take herbal medicines without asking your doctor.
  • Avoid unnecessary medicines. Talk to a doctor or pharmacist about the medicines you are taking. 
  • Some medicines harm the liver especially if the liver already diseased.
  • Do not take vitamins or other nutritional products in high quantities.
  • Limit direct contact with toxins from cleaning and aerosol products, insecticides, and chemicals
  • Do not smoke.

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