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Acute Hepatitis A, B, C Treatment in India across Locations at Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai and Hyderabad
What is hepatitis ?
Hepatitis means liver inflammation. It is characterized by the destruction of liver cells (hepatocytes) and the presence of inflammatory cells in the liver tissue. Hepatitis is usually caused by viruses or toxins such as alcohol, certain drugs and medications.
What is acute hepatitis ?Hepatitis can be divided into two subgroups according to its duration:
Acute hepatitis – lasting less than six months
Chronic hepatitis – lasting longer than six months
What causes acute hepatitis ?Acute hepatitis has a number of possible causes.
Viral infectious such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, hepatitis E,
- Cytomegalovirus, Ebstein Barr Virus
- Severe systemic infections (such as typhoid, malaria, dengue)
- Drugs and Medications
How do medicines cause acute hepatitis ?
There are two ways in which medicines can lead to hepatitis: result of large dose of certain medicines or it can occur as a result of an abnormal reaction of the liver to a normal dose of medicine.
What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis ?
The symptoms of acute hepatitis vary considerably from person to person. Some patients have no symptoms at all, and in most cases, children only show mild symptoms. In the early stages, a person may have tiredness, general malaise, slight fever, nausea, poor appetite, changes in taste perception and discomfort or pain in the right upper abdomen. A few days after these symptoms, patients may develop jaundice in which there is yellowness of the eyes, dark urine, light-colored stools and sometimes itching. Symptoms usually last for 2 to 6 weeks although occasionally jaundice may last 2 - 6 months also.
How is acute hepatitis diagnosed ?
Blood tests will help determine the cause and severity of the hepatitis. Further information may be obtained from ultrasound and other types of liver scans. In certain situations a liver biopsy may be required. This involves taking a tiny piece of the liver to look at under the microscope.
How is acute hepatitis treated ?
No medical treatment is generally required for acute viral hepatitis. Acute hepatitis caused by medicines or alcohol usually improves once the liver is no longer exposed to these substances.
Are herbal or Ayurvedic medicines useful in treating acute hepatitis ?
There is no scientific evidence that any form of herbal, Ayurvedic or other alternative medications are effective in treating any form of liver disease. On the contrary, such products may contain undisclosed chemicals and heavy metals that may be toxic to the body. We strictly advise patients with liver disease from using any such product without consulting their primary doctor.
What can be done at home ?
- If alcohol is the cause, you must stop drinking completely and see your doctor.
- Eat a well-balanced diet. There is no restriction on dietary items.
- If you have symptoms of acute hepatitis, you may need to rest. However, if you feel fine, you can do your daily work and activities normally.
- If you have hepatitis A or hepatitis E and your job involves food handling, your doctor will advise you on when it is safe to return to work.
- People with hepatitis B must inform their family and their sexual partners about it. Sexual and other close contacts will need to protect themselves by being vaccinated. Condoms should be used until the vaccine has begun to work.
- If you have hepatitis A or E, you must inform your family, so that they can protect themselves against it by practicing good hygiene and seek advise on vaccination and other preventive measures.
What are the danger signs in acute hepatitis ?Patient with jaundice who develop signs of liver failure such as swelling of feet or belly, mental confusion, or bleeding are at high risk of complications including death. Persistent high fever is also a danger sign.
How can hepatitis be prevented ?
- By avoiding exposure to the infectious hepatitis viruses.
- By being vaccinated against hepatitis A and hepatitis B. There is no vaccines for hepatitis C and hepatitis E.
- By avoiding large amounts of alcohol.
- Acute infection is rarely life threatening and usually resolves on its own without any specific treatment.
- Hepatitis B and hepatitis C can become chronic. Hepatitis A and E never does.
- Herbal medicines are not useful for acute hepatitis and may actually cause more harm to the liver or other organs.